In spring 2012, we visited the historical place of the Battle of San Martino and Solferino, very close to the Garda lake. The Battle
on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.
Although, the battle
was a decisive engagement in the Second Italian War of Independence, a crucial step in the Italian Risorgimento.
it was important because
“ed the Swiss Jean-Henri Dunant to write his book, A Memory of Solferino. Although he did not witness the battle (his statement is contained in an “unpublished page” included in the 1939 English edition published by the American Red Cross), he did tour the field following the battle, and was greatly moved by what he saw. Horrified by the suffering of wounded soldiers left on the battlefield, Dunant set about a process that led to the Geneva Conventions and the establishment of the International Red Cross.
In San Martino I visited the Tower
over the highest hill in San Martino, It was conquered, lost and gained back again by the Sardinian Army with ferocious storms and repeated attacks.
And the museum
where the heirlooms, the documents and the memories of the battle of June,24th, 1859, are preserved, as well as significative proof of other events related with Resurgence.
In 2015, it’s strange to think about a war between three European states; it’s normal experience the European Union as a peaceful life, but there was a time, about 150 years ago, where Europe was a place for war, not for peace. We must remember it.